A migraine headache is distinguishable from a general headache. Migraines can cause sensitivity to light, nausea, dizziness, blurred vision, lightheadedness, nausea and vomiting, throbbing or pulsating head pain. Pain may occur on one side of the head or all over. Some individuals experience an aura during their migraine. Examples of an aura include visual phenomena like flashes of light, seeing various shapes or spots, vision loss, or pins and needles sensation in arms or legs. If you have suffered from a migraine at any point in your life, you are familiar with these painful symptoms.
Types of Migraine
Ocular Migraine: Cause vision loss in one eye during or immediately following a migraine for less than one hour. An important symptom is that this type of a migraine only includes loss of vision in one eye. Total blindness with or without migraine pain should be immediately evaluated by a doctor.
Cluster Headache: A headache that recurs over time or in “clusters”, usually 1-3 times per day for two weeks to three months. Most people experience them around the same time each year. Some even call these “alarm clock headaches” because they occur at the same time each night awakening the person from sleep. The type of pain from a cluster headache is described as burning or piercing and may be throbbing or constant. The duration is shorter than a migraine lasting 30-90 minutes for most people.
Tension Headache: The most common type of headaches in adults begins gradually and gets more intense throughout the day. The pain is described as a band-tightening or pressure around the back of the head and neck. Tension Headaches do not affect vision, balance, or strength and last 30 minutes to several days. Stress is a common cause of tension headaches.
If you experience chronic migraine pain, you should be evaluated by a doctor to determine the best course of treatment. If you are currently experiencing a migraine here are a few home remedies to try: over the counter anti-inflammatories like Ibuprofen or a pain reliever like Tylenol. Caffeine has also been proven to reduce migraine pain. Relaxation exercises and a dark, quiet room have also proven to be helpful during a migraine. For chronic migraine sufferers, your doctor may prescribe you medication to take to prevent or help lessen the occurrences of migraines.