Below are some helpful tips for the moments after when an injury or accident occurs. These helpful hints can minimize the severity of the incident.
Note: Always use best judgment and seek medical attention for all of these types of injuries when needed.
- Apply pressure with a clean, dry cloth to help control bleeding.
- Don’t remove pressure. If bleeding doesn’t stop, add more clean, dry cloths.
- Control bleeding with a sterile bandage or clean cloth until stopped.
- Immobilize the injured area using a splint, if available.
- Apply ice packs to limit swelling and help relieve pain.
- If the person appears to be in shock, have the person lie flat and elevate legs.
Cut or scrape
- Apply pressure with a clean cloth or bandage to help control bleeding.
- Don’t remove pressure. If bleeding doesn’t stop, add more clean cloths or bandages.
Child with fever
- Don’t treat a child’s fever with aspirin.
- Use Tylenol® or Motrin® as prescribed based on the child’s weight.
- Apply a cold compress to the child’s forehead and dress the child in light, loose-fitting clothes.
- Sip small amounts of water.
- Drink carbohydrate/electrolyte-containing drinks. Good choices are sports drinks such as Gatorade® or prepared replacement solutions such as Pedialyte®.
- Suck on plain ice chips, or popsicles made from juices and/or sports drinks.
- Sip through a straw (works well for someone who is recovering from jaw surgery or mouth sores).
Embedded object or foreign body
- Don’t try to remove the foreign object.
- Carefully wrap gauze or clean clothing around the area to prevent the object from moving.
- Apply pressure around the area with a sterile bandage or clean cloth to limit and control bleeding.
- Don’t remove pressure. If bleeding continues, add more clean cloths or bandages.
- Individual should rest in a cool, shaded area.
- Give cool fluids such as sports drinks that will replace lost salt. Salty snacks are appropriate, as tolerated.
- Loosen or remove clothing.
- Don’t use an alcohol rub.
- Don’t give any beverages containing alcohol or caffeine.
Alert: Unlike heat exhaustion, heat stroke is a medical emergency. You should call an ambulance immediately. Do not attempt to treat a case of heat stroke on your own. You can help while waiting for medical assistance to arrive by doing the following:
- Move the person to a cooler environment, or place in a cool bath of water as long as the individual is conscious and can be attended continuously.
- Alternatively, moisten the skin with lukewarm water and use a fan to blow cool air across the skin.
- Give cool beverages by mouth if the individual can tolerate them.
- Handle the tooth by the top only, avoiding touching the root, and rinse it in a bowl of tap water.
- Try to replace the tooth in the socket and bite gently on gauze or a moistened tea bag to keep it in place.
- If it doesn’t stay, place it in a bowl of either whole milk, the person’s own saliva, or a warm, mild saltwater solution.